Compressed timeline of NLG systems

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Ended 1994
Language Sign
Worker Veale, Conway
Description an English to Sign-Language Translation System
ZORA1989-01-01T00:00:000Started 1989
Ended 1989
Language German
Worker Jung, Kresse, Reithinger, Schäfer
Yngve1961-01-01T00:00:000Started 1961
Ended 1961
Language English
Worker Yngve
Description random generation with a generative grammar
Yang1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1998
Language Chinese
Worker Yang
Description systemic-functional oriented tactical generation of Chinese
YH1988-01-01T00:00:000Started 1988
Ended 1988
Domain simulation
Language English
Worker Gabriel
Description simulation of conscious processes of writing
YAG1999-01-01T00:00:000Started 1999
Ended 2000
Language English
Worker McRoy, Channarukul, Ali
Description YAG is a real-time, general-purpose, template-based generation system
XtraGen2002-01-01T00:00:000Started 2002
Language independent
Worker Stenzhorn
Framework Template
Forerunner TG/2
Description Template-based generation with XML and Java interfaces
XTRA1986-01-01T00:00:000Started 1986
Ended 1990
Language German
Worker Reithinger, Allgayer, Harbusch, Kobsa
Description Natural-Language Access System to Expert Systems incorporating generation functionalities
XPLAIN1981-01-01T00:00:000Started 1981
Ended 1981
Language English
Worker Swartout
XIG1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1999
Domain tourist info
Language Italian
Worker Pianta, Tovena, Pianesi
Description generates sentences from an interlingua content representation in the application area of tourist information.
XEplainer2001-01-01T00:00:000Started 2001
Ended 2001
Domain homeshopping
Language Korean
Worker Roh, Kang, Lee
Description Generation from a database for homeshopping sites
Wong1975-01-01T00:00:000Started 1975
Ended 1975
Language English
Worker Wong
Description sentence generation from a semantic network
Wilcock1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 1993
Domain interactive MT
Language English
Worker Wilcock
Framework SFG
Description generation of complex English modal and auxiliary verb groups are presented in Japanese to a Japanese user
Weathra1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1992
Domain weather
Language Swedish, English
Worker Sigurd, Willners, Eeg-Olofsson, Johansson
Description Weather forecast report generator
Wanner1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 1997
Language German
Worker Wanner
Description lexical resources for generation (PhD)
Wagner-med1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1999
Domain medical
Language English, French
Worker Wagner, Solomon, Baud, Michel, Juge, Rector, Scherrer, Rassinoux
Description Medical domain generation
WYSIWYM1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Domain knowledge editing
Language English
Worker Power, Evans
Description What you see is what you meant': knowledge-editing with natural language generation
WISHFUL-II1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1995
Domain explanation
Language English
Worker Zukerman, McConachy
Forerunner WISHFUL
Description explanation generation
WISHFUL1991-01-01T00:00:000Started 1991
Ended 1991
Domain teaching algebra
Language English
Worker Zukerman
Description content planning for teaching algebra
WISBER1988-01-01T00:00:000Started 1988
Ended 1993
Language German
Worker Horacek, Sprenger
WIP1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 1993
Domain instructions
Language German
Worker Wahlster
Framework TAG
Description multimodal generation, instructions for technical products
WEIVER1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1992
Language Japanese
Worker Inui
Description revision-based architecture
WEBCOOP2004-01-01T00:00:000Started 2004
Ended 2004
Domain transportation
Language English, French
Worker Benamara
Framework Template
Description Logic-based model for question answering
WAG1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1994
Domain independent
Language English
Worker O'Donnell
Framework SFG
Description a system for developing and using systemic grammars for generation and analysis
ViewGen2000-01-01T00:00:000Started 2000
Domain hypertext
Language English
Worker Wilks, By, Lee, Ballim
Description ViewGen (Viewpoint Generation) is an approach to dialogue understanding and belief modelling being implemented in a suite of programs. It includes natural language generation for hypertext as part of this overall project.
Verbmobil-dialog1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1998
Language German
Worker Maier, Reithinger
Description dialogue management within the Verbmobil translation system
VOLVEX1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Ended 1999
Domain formal specifications
Language English
Worker Dalianis
Forerunner ASTROGEN
Description Validation Of Specifications by Natural Language Generation for VOLVO expressed in STEP/EXPRESS
VM-GEN1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1995
Language German
Worker Becker, Finkler, Karbusch, Kilger
Framework TAG
Description German surface generator for the Verbmobil project; incremental
VM-GECO-II1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 2000
Domain appointments
Language German, English, Japanese
Worker Finkler
Framework HPSG, TAG
Description VerbMobil Generation Components (II)
VM-GECO1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 1996
Language English
Worker Finkler
Framework HPSG, TAG
Description VerbMobil Generation Components (I)
VITRA1989-01-01T00:00:000Started 1989
Ended 1999
Language German
Worker Herzog, Blocher, Gapp, Stopp, Wahlster, André, Rist, Nagel, Enkelmann, Zimmermann, Wazinski
Framework TAG
Description Generation of dynamically changing scene descriptions
VINST1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1995
Language English
Worker Dalianis
Description database retrieval result aggregation
VINCI1986-01-01T00:00:000Started 1986
Domain CALL
Language English, French
Worker Lessard, Levison
Description VINCI is a natural language generation environment used since 1986 for language learning and testing, subject testing, and modelling of diverse linguistic phenomena ranging from word-formation, to narrative structure, to generation of verbal humour.
VIE-GEN1984-01-01T00:00:000Started 1984
Ended 1988
Language German
Worker Buchberger, Horacek
Description sentence generation from a semantic network
VIE-DU1991-01-01T00:00:000Started 1991
Ended 1991
Language German
Worker Buchberger
Description dialogue generation
Unitran1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1996
Language English, Spanish
Worker Dorr, Olsen, Gaasterland
Framework LCS
Description MT system with some attention to generation
UNL1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Language German
Worker Becker, Poller, Schütz
Description An international cooperation to provide information on the internet in the languages of the members of the United Nations
TraumGen1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Ended 1999
Domain medical
Language English
Worker Webber, Carberry, Clarke, Gertner, Harvey, Rymon, Washington
Description Communication of information in clinical environments and for medical support systems
Tiddler1999-01-01T00:00:000Started 1999
Domain tourism
Language English
Framework Template
Description Personalized travel guides
ThoughtTreasure1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 2000
Language English, French
Worker Mueller
Description Generates any ThoughtTreasure assertion for which appropriate lexical entries are defined
TextPro1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 1999
Language German
Worker Buchin, Schmerl
Framework Template
Tait1985-01-01T00:00:000Started 1985
Ended 1985
Language English
Worker Tait
Description An English Generator for a Case-Labelled Dependency Representation
TREND1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 1998
Domain time-series
Language English
Worker Boyd
Description Time-series description
TREE1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1997
Domain job adverts
Language English, Greek
Worker Somers
Description multilingual generation of job advertisements
TOPCAT2001-01-01T00:00:000Started 2001
Ended 2002
Domain whisky
Language English
Forerunner ILEX
Description Produces descriptions of malt whiskies
TIGGER1999-01-01T00:00:000Started 1999
Ended 1999
Domain medical
Language English
Worker Cawsey, Bental, Jones
Forerunner PIGLIT
Description Time-based Explanation Generation includes an explicit psychological model of patients' information needs.
THINKER1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 1993
Domain formal proofs
Language English
Worker Edgar, Pelletier
Description explanation of natural deduction proofs
TG/21998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Domain independent
Language independent
Worker Busemann
Framework Template
Description shallow generation component using generalized templates
TEXT1980-01-01T00:00:000Started 1980
Ended 1985
Language English
Worker McKeown
Description use of schemata for determining content & text structure
TEXNET1988-01-01T00:00:000Started 1988
Ended 1988
Domain medical
Language English
Worker Miller, Rennels
Description generation of clinical summaries
TENDUM1987-01-01T00:00:000Started 1987
Ended 1987
Language English
Worker Bunt
Description generating with pragmatic information
TEMSIS1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1998
Domain environment
Language German, French, English, Portuguese
Worker Busemann, Horacek
Framework Template
Forerunner TG/2
Description provides environmental information
TEMPLOG1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 1993
Domain temporal connectives
Language German
Worker Schilder
Description temporal connective generation
TELOS1991-01-01T00:00:000Started 1991
Ended 1991
Domain temporal connectives
Language German
Worker Klenner
Description temporal connective generation
TELEGRAM1980-01-01T00:00:000Started 1980
Ended 1982
Language English
Worker Appelt
Description planning for generation
TECHDOC1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1992
Domain instructions
Language German
Worker Rösner, Stede, Grote
Framework SFG
Forerunner PENMAN, SEMSYN
Description multilingual instructions for automobile maintenance
TBTA1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 2008
Domain translation
Language English, Korean, Jula, Kewa
Worker Allman, Beale, Denton
Framework UG
Description The Bible Translator's Assistant
TALE-SPIN1977-01-01T00:00:000Started 1977
Ended 1977
Domain stories
Language English
Worker Meehan
Description planning and generation of fables
TAILOR1985-01-01T00:00:000Started 1985
Ended 1988
Domain user modelling
Language English
Worker Paris
Framework FUG
Description tailoring the text to the user's knowledge
TAG-GEN1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1993
Language German, English
Worker Finkler, Harbusch, Kilger
Framework TAG
Description syntactic generator exploiting an incremental and parallel processing scheme
Synphonics1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 1996
Domain spoken dialogue
Language German
Worker Abb, Günther, Herweg, Lebeth, Maienborn, Schopp
Description Spoken dialogue contribution generation
Susy1983-01-01T00:00:000Started 1983
Ended 1983
Language English, French, Dutch
Worker Luckhardt
Description MT system with some attention to generation
Suspenser2005-01-01T00:00:000Started 2005
Ended 2006
Domain narrative
Language English
Worker Cheong, Young
Description A framework for narrative generation
Summum1999-01-01T00:00:000Started 1999
Ended 2000
Domain abstracting
Language English
Worker Lapalme, Saggion
Description Generates indicative and informative abstracts in English
SumTime-Turbine2005-01-01T00:00:000Started 2005
Ended 2005
Domain industrial
Language English
Worker Reiter, Yu, Hunter, Mellish
Forerunner SumTime
Description System for generating textual summaries of sensor data from a gas turbine
SumTime-Neonate2005-01-01T00:00:000Started 2005
Ended 2007
Domain medicine
Language English
Worker Portet, Reiter, Hunter, Sripada
Forerunner SumTime
Description Medical Care Reports
SumTime-Mousam2005-01-01T00:00:000Started 2005
Domain weather
Language English
Worker Reiter, Yu, Hunter, Sripada, Davy
Forerunner SumTime
Description Weather Forecast System
SumTime2001-01-01T00:00:000Started 2001
Domain weather, gas turbines
Language English
Worker Reiter, Sripada, Yu, Hunter
Description English summary descriptions of time-series data sets
StoryBook1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 2001
Domain little red-riding hood
Language English, Spanish
Worker Callaway, Lester
Framework FUF
Forerunner FUF, SURGE
Description Multi-page narratives in the Little Red Riding Hood domain
StockReporter1999-01-01T00:00:000Started 1999
Ended 1999
Domain stock market
Language English
Worker Dale
Description produces descriptions of stock market data
Spyropoulos,Karkaletsis1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1999
Domain online help
Language Greek
Worker Spyropoulos, Karkaletsis
Description automatic generation of software messages
SmartKom2000-01-01T00:00:000Started 2000
Ended 2006
Language German
Worker Wahlster
Description A project to develop a multimodal, multimedia, self-explanatory, user-adaptive interface for the dialogic interaction of humans and technology.
SkillSum2003-01-01T00:00:000Started 2003
Ended 2005
Domain Personalised basic skills summary reports
Language English
Worker Williams, Reiter
Description Planning content, structure, discourse-level and lexical choices for people with poor literacy and numeracy
Siren1999-01-01T00:00:000Started 1999
Ended 1999
Domain weather
Language English, French
Worker Driedger
Description Marine weather forecast report generator
SimpleNLG2007-01-01T00:00:000Started 2007
Ended 2009
Domain general
Language English
Worker Reiter
Description A simple Java-based generation framework
Simonin1985-01-01T00:00:000Started 1985
Ended 1987
Domain economics
Language French
Worker Simonin
Description optimization, i.e. restructuring of plans in order to describe the economic situation of different countries
Simmons, Slocum1972-01-01T00:00:000Started 1972
Ended 1972
Language English
Worker Simmons, Slocum
Description sentence generation by using an ATN
Shapiro1975-01-01T00:00:000Started 1975
Ended 1982
Language English
Worker Shapiro
Description generation from semantic networks
SenGarden2002-01-01T00:00:000Started 2002
Ended 2002
Domain paraphrase
Language French
Worker Lareau
Framework MTM
Description A generator of paraphrases based on Igor Mel'cuk's Meaning-Text Theory
SemTex1987-01-01T00:00:000Started 1987
Ended 1987
Domain news
Language German
Worker Rösner
Forerunner SEMSYN
Description Automated newsagency
SeReal1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1995
Language German
Worker Busemann
Script generator of Verbmobil1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 2000
Domain summary
Language English, German
Worker Alexandersson, Engel, Kipp, Poller, Reithinger
Description Generation of summaries and minutes for spoken multilingual negotiation dialogues
Scribe1991-01-01T00:00:000Started 1991
Ended 2000
Domain weather
Language French, English
Worker Vigneux, Marcoux, Verret
Description Weather forecast report generator (template-based).
Salix1991-01-01T00:00:000Started 1991
Ended 1991
Domain house layouts
Language English
Worker Sibun
Description generates extended texts in domains including house layouts and family relations.
SYLAE1991-01-01T00:00:000Started 1991
Ended 1991
Language French
Worker Nogier
Description sentence generation from conceptual graphs
SWIM1989-01-01T00:00:000Started 1989
Ended 1991
Domain teaching French
Language French
Worker Zock
Description CALL system for learning to speak French
SUTRA1986-01-01T00:00:000Started 1986
Ended 1988
Domain reservations
Language German
Worker Busemann
Framework GPSG
Description surface generator of HAM-ANS dialog system
SURGE1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1998
Domain independent
Language English
Worker Elhadad, Robin
Framework FUG
Forerunner FUF
Description the English grammar used with FUF
SUREGEN-22002-01-01T00:00:000Started 2002
Domain medical
Language German
Worker Kraus
Description Medical document generation
SUNDIAL1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1992
Domain spoken dialogue
Language English
Description spoken language dialogue system
STREAK1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 1996
Domain baseball
Language English
Worker Robin, McKeown
Framework FUF
Forerunner FUF
Description revision-based generation of summaries of baseball games
STOP1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 2001
Domain medical, smoking cessation
Language English
Worker Reiter, Robertson, Osman, Lennox
Description Generates personalized smoking-cessation letters
STAGE2004-01-01T00:00:000Started 2004
Ended 2004
Domain general
Language English
Worker Kamal, Mellish
Framework SFG
Description Generating using an Assumption-Based Truth Maintenance System (ATMS)
SPUD1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Language English
Worker Stone, Doran
Framework TAG
Description sentence planning using descriptions
SPOKESMAN1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1992
Language English
Worker Meteer
Framework TAG
Forerunner MUMBLE
Description producing texts by revising
SPIRIT1986-01-01T00:00:000Started 1986
Ended 1986
Language English
Worker Pollack
Description determination of the adequacy of information
SPIN1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1995
Domain instructions
Language French
Worker Kosseim, Lapalme
Description planning of instructional texts
SPEAK!1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1996
Domain metadialog
Language German
Worker Bateman, Stein, Hagen, Teich, Grote, Thiel
Framework SFG
Forerunner KPML
Description spoken language generation for supporting database access
SOLE1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1999
Language English
Worker Hitzeman, Oberlander, Taylor
Description the project aims to develop and evaluate a rhetorically-oriented interface between a natural language generation system and a speech synthesis system.
SOCCER1987-01-01T00:00:000Started 1987
Ended 1989
Domain soccer
Language German
Worker Herzog, André, Rist, Bosch
Description generation of soccer reports
SLANG1984-01-01T00:00:000Started 1984
Ended 1986
Language English
Worker Patten
Framework SFG
Description use of systemic grammars for NLG
SIC!1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1992
Language English
Worker Dilley, Thiel, Tissen, Bateman
Framework SFG
Forerunner PENMAN
Description integrated multimodal interaction to information systems
SHRDLU1972-01-01T00:00:000Started 1972
Ended 1972
Domain spatial relationships
Language English
Worker Winograd
Description description of a microworld (cubes, blocks)
SEMSYN1986-01-01T00:00:000Started 1986
Ended 1987
Domain labor market
Language German
Worker Rösner
Description summaries about the labor market
SEGUE2004-01-01T00:00:000Started 2004
Ended 2004
Domain general
Language English
Worker Pan, Shaw
Description Hybrid case-based surface generation
SEEC2002-01-01T00:00:000Started 2002
Ended 2004
Domain text structuring
Language English
Worker Karamanis
Description System for Evaluating Entity Coherence
SCHOLAR1973-01-01T00:00:000Started 1973
Ended 1973
Domain teaching geography
Language English
Worker Carbonell
Description natural language interface for teaching geography
SAGE1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 1995
Domain explanation
Language English
Worker Roth, Hefley
Forerunner FUF
Description multimodal explanations
RoadSafe2006-01-01T00:00:000Started 2006
Ended 2009
Domain geodata
Language English
Worker Turner, Sripada, Reiter, Davy
Description Automatically Generating Advisory Text for Road Maintenance Vehicle Routing
RealPro1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1997
Domain independent
Language English
Worker Lavoie, Rambow
Framework MTM
Description a syntactic realisation system based on meaning-text theory
Ratnaparkhi2001-01-01T00:00:000Started 2001
Ended 2001
Domain air travel
Language English
Worker Ratnaparkhi
Framework Hybrid
Description Air travel reservation dialogue system
RTPI1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 1998
Domain medical
Language English
Worker Harvey, Carberry
Description integration and aggregation of RST-style trees for generating medical critiques
ROMPER1985-01-01T00:00:000Started 1985
Ended 1986
Language English
Worker McCoy
Description correction and anticipation of wrong inferences
ROIS1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Ended 1997
Domain medical
Language Dutch
Worker Claassen
Framework Segment grammar
Description Medical domain generation
RICHES1999-01-01T00:00:000Started 1999
Ended 2000
Domain instructions
Language English
Worker Cahill, Evans, Paiva, Scott, Power, Carroll, Van Deemter
Description Instructional texts for patients
RENDEZVOUS1976-01-01T00:00:000Started 1976
Ended 1977
Domain DB
Language English
Worker Codd
Description database query formulation system
RAREAS1986-01-01T00:00:000Started 1986
Ended 1986
Domain weather
Language French, English
Worker Kittredge
Framework MTM
Description generation of weather forecast reports (a precursor to FoG)
RAGS1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1999
Language independent
Worker Mellish, Scott, Evans, Doran, Tipper, Cahill, Paiva, Reape
Description aims to develop a generic architecture for applied NLG systems
QUALM1977-01-01T00:00:000Started 1977
Ended 1978
Language English
Worker Lehnert
Description goal sensitive elaboration of a response (the depth depending on the nature of the question)
Promethius1987-01-01T00:00:000Started 1987
Ended 1987
Language English
Worker Adorni
Description sentence generation
Project Reporter1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1999
Domain Commercial
Language English
Worker Caldwell
Description generates dynamic web-based project status reports
ProfGlot1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1996
Language English, French, Dutch
Worker Dik
Framework FG
Description sentence generation with Functional Grammar
Presentor1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 1998
Language English
Worker Lavoie, Rambow
Description A Framework for Customizable Generation of Hypertext Presentations
Power1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 1998
Domain museums
Language English
Worker Green, Dale, Williams
Framework Template
Forerunner Peba-II
Description another virtual museum system dynamically generating descriptions of museum objects
PostGraphe1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Ended 1996
Language French
Worker Fasciano, Lapalme
Description combined text and graphics generation
Polygloss1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1992
Domain independent
Language English, German
Worker Momma, Zajac, Emele
Framework TFS
Description typed-unification-based generation
Polly2007-01-01T00:00:000Started 2007
Ended 2008
Domain ESL
Language English
Worker Gupta, Walker, Romano
Description POliteness in Language Learning
Polibox2003-01-01T00:00:000Started 2003
Language English, German
Worker Stede, Chiarcos
Description Hypertext generator
PlayMoBild1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1994
Language German, Dutch
Worker Neumann, Van Noord
Description bidirectional linguistic deduction, parsing and generation of single sentences
Picard1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Ended 1996
Language English
Worker Beale
Description sentence generation
Pen&Pad Reporter1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1994
Domain medical
Language English
Worker Bullock
Description Describes a NLG scheme for use with the Pen&Pad patient care workstation system
Peba-II1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Ended 1996
Domain animal comparisons
Language English
Worker Milosavljevic, Dale
Description produces web pages that describe or compare animals, with embedded hypertext links
Patent Claim Expert1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1998
Domain patents
Language English
Worker Sheremetyeva, Nirenburg
Description generates patent claims
Parry1975-01-01T00:00:000Started 1975
Ended 1975
Domain psychiatry
Language English
Worker Colby
Description simulation of paranoid processes
Paiva-style2004-01-01T00:00:000Started 2004
Ended 2004
Domain medical
Language English
Worker Paiva, Evans
Framework LEXSYS, RICHES
Description Stylistic control for generation
PROVERB1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Ended 2000
Domain formal proofs
Language English
Worker Fiedler, Huang
Forerunner TAG-GEN
Description natural language presention of machine-found proofs
PROTEUS1978-01-01T00:00:000Started 1978
Ended 1978
Domain game commentary
Language English
Worker Davey
Framework SFG
Description generation of comments when playing TIC-TAC-TOE
PROTECTOR1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1999
Language English
Worker Nicolov
Framework DTG
Description flexible generation of sentences from conceptual graphs
PROSENET1988-01-01T00:00:000Started 1988
Ended 1988
Language English
Worker Miller, Rennels
PRETEXTE1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1995
Language French
Worker Gagnon, Lapalme
Framework SFG
Description generation of temporal expressions
PREPLAN1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1995
Language German
Worker André
Framework TAG
Description plan-based multimedia generation
PRACMA1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1994
Language German
Worker Jameson
Description dialogue system with user modelling
PPP-case1991-01-01T00:00:000Started 1991
Ended 1994
Domain CASE models
Language English
Worker Gulla
Framework FG
Description An explanation generation facility for knowledge validation in computer-aided software engineering
PPP1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 1996
Domain instructions
Language English, German
Worker André, Müller, Rist
Framework TAG
Description creates an animated character which explains to a user how to perform various tasks, using a mixture of text, speech and graphics
POPEL-WHAT1987-01-01T00:00:000Started 1987
Ended 1991
Language German
Worker Reithinger
Description incremental sentence generation
POPEL-HOW1989-01-01T00:00:000Started 1989
Ended 1989
Language German
Worker Finkler, Neumann
Description incremental sentence generation
PLNLP1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1993
Domain independent
Language English
Worker Beurer
Description general NLP including generation
PLANES1975-01-01T00:00:000Started 1975
Ended 1978
Language English
Worker Waltz, Finin, Green, Conrad, Goodman, Hadden
Description database access and retrieval
PLANDOC1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1994
Domain telecom
Language English
Worker McKeown, Kukich, Shaw
Framework FUF
Forerunner FUF
Description summary generation reporting changes in a telephone network
PIT1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1990
Language German
Worker Kreyss, Novak
Description text planning
PIGLIT1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 1998
Domain medical
Language English
Worker Cawsey, Binsted, Bental, Jones, Carter, Grasso
Description personalized hypertext explanations of on-line patient medical records
PHRED1985-01-01T00:00:000Started 1985
Ended 1985
Language English
Worker Jacobs
Description multilingual generator
PERSONAGE2005-01-01T00:00:000Started 2005
Ended 2008
Domain Affect
Language English
Worker Mairesse, Walker
Description Personage is a full natural language generator that can convey various personality traits.
PERFECTION1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1997
Language German
Worker Finkler
Description Performing Self-Corrections During Incremental Generation of Natural Language
PENMAN1981-01-01T00:00:000Started 1981
Ended 1992
Language English
Worker Mann, Matthiessen, Hovy, Kasper, Bateman, Whitney, Albano, Poulton, O'Donnell
Framework SFG
Description Portable systemic generator for domain-independent large-scale text generation
PEA1989-01-01T00:00:000Started 1989
Ended 1994
Domain tutoring
Language English
Worker Moore
Framework SFG
Forerunner PENMAN
Description generates a system's dialogue contributions teaching a student about a programming language
PCRU2006-01-01T00:00:000Started 2006
Ended 2009
Domain weather
Language English
Worker Belz
Framework Statistical
Description Probabilistic Generation of Weather Reports
PAULINE1986-01-01T00:00:000Started 1986
Ended 1988
Language English
Worker Hovy
Description pragmatically motivated text planning
PAUL1983-01-01T00:00:000Started 1983
Ended 1983
Language English
Worker Granville
Description generation of coherent texts
PAROLE1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Ended 1996
Domain spatial descriptions
Language German
Worker Ebert, Jansche, Klabunde, Porzel
Description generates addressee-oriented spatial descriptions
PARDA1987-01-01T00:00:000Started 1987
Ended 1987
Domain arguments
Language French
Worker De Finney
Description generation of arguments
P.rex2000-01-01T00:00:000Started 2000
Domain proofs
Language English
Worker Fiedler
Forerunner PROVERB, TAG-GEN
Description an interactive, user-adaptive proof explanation system
Oxygen1999-01-01T00:00:000Started 1999
Ended 2002
Language independent
Worker Habash
Description A language independent Linearization Engine
Ontogeneration1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1999
Domain ontology
Language Spanish
Worker Aguado, Gómez-Pérez, Bateman
Framework SFG
Forerunner KPML
Description generation of database and ontology definition descriptions
Oh, Rudnicky2000-01-01T00:00:000Started 2000
Ended 2000
Language English
Worker Oh, Rudnicky
Framework Stochastic
Description English Corpus-based stochastic generation for spoken dialog systems
OWL1977-01-01T00:00:000Started 1977
Ended 1977
Domain online help
Language English
Worker Swartout
Description Generates explanations of how program produced advice by translating code to English
OVIS1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Ended 2000
Domain spoken dialogue
Language Dutch
Worker Van Noord, Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Sima'an, Bonnema
Description A dialogue system for providing information about public transportation (OVIS: Openbar Vervoer Informatie System)
OSCAR1978-01-01T00:00:000Started 1978
Ended 1981
Language English
Worker Cohen
Description speech act planning and planning of the message (no linguistic output)
OPADE1991-01-01T00:00:000Started 1991
Ended 1999
Domain medical
Language English
Worker De Rosis, Grasso, Berry
Description a 'watch-dog' decision support system for medical care containing a generation component for instructional texts
OLA2004-01-01T00:00:000Started 2004
Ended 2005
Language English
Worker Claassens
Description English Question/Answer (Q&A) system, template-based and not very sophisticated, but the open source NLG system can be used in many practical and online cases.
Nitrogen1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1995
Language English
Worker Knight, Hatzivassiloglou, Langkilde
Description Statistical generation from interlinguas using a lattice intermediate representation and bigram statistical model
NaturalOWL2006-01-01T00:00:000Started 2006
Ended 2008
Language English, Greek
Worker Galanis, Androutsopoulos
Description Description of concepts defined in OWL ontologies
Namer1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1990
Domain music
Language French, Italian
Worker Namer
Description generation of summaries of Verdi's operas
NUGGET1988-01-01T00:00:000Started 1988
Ended 1990
Language German
Worker Jablonski
Description text generation from a linguistic basis
NLG-DB1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1998
Language English
Worker Frölich
Framework SFG
Forerunner KPML
Description Generation of NL descriptions from information maintained in a conceptual database modelling language
NL-Soar1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1994
Language English
Worker Rubinoff, Lehman
Description generation within the general AI system SOAR
NAUDA1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1992
Language German
Worker Strobel
Description sentence generation in the context of database interfaces
NAOS1985-01-01T00:00:000Started 1985
Ended 1987
Domain scene description
Language German
Worker Novak
Description generation of coherent scene descriptions
Multimeteo1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 1999
Domain weather
Language English, French, Spanish, German, Dutch
Worker Coch, Chevreau
Description in-use (interactive and automatic) generation of weather forecasts
MulTex1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 1995
Domain news
Language English, Chinese
Worker Zeng
Framework SFG
Description multilingual generation of news reports
Mooney1991-01-01T00:00:000Started 1991
Ended 1993
Domain explanation
Language English
Worker Mooney
Description macro structure of explanation texts
Moghrabi1980-01-01T00:00:000Started 1980
Ended 1980
Domain recipes
Language French
Worker Moghrabi
Description generation of cooking recipes
ModelExplainer1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1997
Domain software
Language English
Worker Lavoie, Rambow, Reiter
Description produces textual descriptions of object-oriented software models
Ml-CINESPEAK1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 2000
Domain learning
Language English, Spanish
Worker Callaway, Daniel, Lester, Bares, Towns
Framework FUF
Forerunner FUF
Description employs both natural language and generated 3D-graphical visualisations and animations
Mind.Forth1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 1998
Language English
Worker Murray
Description Verbal output of a general artificial intelligence.
Mind2002-01-01T00:00:000Started 2002
Ended 2002
Domain software tutorial
Language English
Worker Murray
Forerunner Mind.Forth
Description Concept-based generation system comprising a miniature Mind
Meunier1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1997
Language French
Worker Meunier
Framework TAG
Description TAG-based generation (PhD)
Memmi1979-01-01T00:00:000Started 1979
Ended 1979
Language French
Worker Memmi
Description phrase generation (PhD)
Mellish, Evans1987-01-01T00:00:000Started 1987
Ended 1987
Language English
Worker Mellish, Evans
Description text generation from plans
Melero, Font-Llitjos2000-01-01T00:00:000Started 2000
Language Spanish
Worker Melero, Font-Llitjos
Framework PLNLP
Description Part of Microsoft's NLP effort
Marciniak2003-01-01T00:00:000Started 2003
Ended 2004
Domain route descriptions
Language English
Worker Marciniak, Strube
Framework TAG
Description Generator for route descriptions
MUMBLE1975-01-01T00:00:000Started 1975
Ended 1990
Domain independent
Language English
Worker McDonald, Meteer
Description surface generator (MUMBLE-86 being portable)
MUG2003-01-01T00:00:000Started 2003
Domain general
Language independent
Worker Reitter
Framework FUG
Description Multimodal functional unification generation
MTS1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1998
Domain spoken dialogue
Language English
Worker Spyns, Deprez, Van Tichelen, Van Coile
Description A message-to-speech system for traffic message control systems
MOOSE1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Ended 1996
Domain manuals
Language English, German
Worker Stede
Forerunner PENMAN, KPML
Description multilingual paraphrases from a KL-ONE-representation; domain: technical manuals, emphasis on lexicalization
MNLG2003-01-01T00:00:000Started 2003
Ended 2003
Domain animated interfaces
Language English
Worker Piwek
Framework Mixed
Description NMLG: Multimodal Natural Language Generation module
MLWFA1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 1998
Domain weather
Language Chinese
Worker Yao, Zhang, Wang
Description multilingual weather forecast generation
MINSTREL1984-01-01T00:00:000Started 1984
Ended 1993
Domain story generation
Language English
Worker Turner
Description A story generator
MIKE1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 1998
Domain soccer
Language English, French, Japanese
Worker Tanaka-Ishii, Hasida, Noda
Description automatic soccer commentary system
MIGRAINE1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1992
Domain medical
Language English
Worker Buchanan, Moore, Foresythe, Banks, Ohlsson
Description health explanations
MDA2002-01-01T00:00:000Started 2002
Domain patient information leaflets
Language English, French, German
Worker Xerox: DCM (Document Content Models) at XRCE (Xerox Research Center Europe)
Description Multilingual Document Authoring system
MARWORDS1988-01-01T00:00:000Started 1988
Ended 1988
Domain weather
Language English
Worker Goldberg, Kittredge, Polguère
Description Marine weather forecast report generator (another precursor to FoG).
MAGIC1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Ended 1997
Domain medical
Language English
Worker McKeown, Feiner, Jordan, Dalal, Pan, Shaw, Zhou, Chen, Concepcion
Framework FUF
Forerunner FUF
Description Multimedia Abstract Generation for Intensive Care data
M-PIRO2001-01-01T00:00:000Started 2001
Ended 2003
Domain museums
Language English, Greek, Italian, Spanish
Worker Androutsopoulos, Kokkinaki, Dimitromanolaki, Calder, Oberlander, Not, O'Donnell
Framework SFG
Description Development of technology for allowing museums to generate automatically textual or spoken descriptions of exhibits for collections across the Web or in virtual reality environments.
Lolita1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1994
Domain independent
Language English
Worker Garigliano, Smith, Morgan
Description general NLP including generation
LKP1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1993
Domain independent
Language German
Worker Block, Gehrke, Hunze, Schachtl, Schmid, Zünkler
Description the Linguistic Kernel Processor (LKP) offers parsing and generating in TUG
LKB1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Language independent
Worker Copestake
Description General workbench for typed feature grammar formalisms, including a tactical generation component
LILOG1991-01-01T00:00:000Started 1991
Ended 1991
Language German, English
Worker Novak, Dobes
Description large-scale NLP system with a generation component
LGM1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 2000
Domain spoken dialogue
Language Dutch, English
Worker Klabbers, Theune, Krahmer
Framework TAG
Description The generation module of D2S
LFS1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1992
Domain labor market
Language English, French
Worker Iordanskaja
Framework MTM
Description generates summaries of statistical data in the domain of labour market
LFG-f1987-01-01T00:00:000Started 1987
Ended 1987
Domain general
Language German
Worker Dörre, Momma
Framework LFG
Description Generation from LFG f-structures
LEXSYS2000-01-01T00:00:000Started 2000
Ended 2003
Domain general
Language English
Worker Carroll, Nicolov, Smets, Shaumyan, Weir
Framework TAG
Description A wide-coverage lexicalized grammar
Kukich1987-01-01T00:00:000Started 1987
Ended 1987
Language English
Worker Kukich
Description connectionist-based sentence generation
Kreyss1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1994
Language German
Worker Kreyss
Description content planning (PhD)
Kleist1991-01-01T00:00:000Started 1991
Ended 1993
Domain route descriptions
Language German, Japanese
Worker Peters, Rutz, Siegel, Novak, Hoeppner
Framework LFG
Description multilingual generation of route descriptions
Klein-stories1965-01-01T00:00:000Started 1965
Ended 1965
Domain stories
Language English
Worker Klein
Description story generator
Klein-para1965-01-01T00:00:000Started 1965
Ended 1965
Domain paraphrase
Language English
Worker Klein
Description Multiple paraphrases of the same input texts
Klein-mysteries1973-01-01T00:00:000Started 1973
Ended 1973
Domain murder mysteries
Language English
Worker Klein
Description program for generating murder mysteries on the basis of simulation data
Klein-coherence1963-01-01T00:00:000Started 1963
Ended 1963
Language English
Worker Klein
Description coherent discourse generation
Klein1974-01-01T00:00:000Started 1974
Ended 1977
Domain stories
Language English
Worker Klein
Description An exact model of V. Propp's Morphology of the Folktale
Kalita,Shastri, Shende1987-01-01T00:00:000Started 1987
Ended 1989
Domain business reports
Language English
Worker Kalita, Shastri, Shende
Description natural language reports in an office environment
KPML1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Domain independent
Language English, German, French, Dutch, Japanese, Czech, Russian, Bulgarian, Spanish, Greek, Chinese, independent
Worker Bateman, Matthiessen, Zeng
Framework SFG
Forerunner PENMAN
Description large-scale multilingual generation and development environment
KOMET1991-01-01T00:00:000Started 1991
Ended 1996
Language English, German, Dutch
Worker Bateman, Teich, Maier, Wanner, Henschel, Degand
Framework SFG
Forerunner KPML
Description Multilingual generation with systemic functional grammar
KNIGHT1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1997
Domain biology
Language English
Worker Lester, Porter
Description explains complex biological phenomena
KISS-Lexicalizer1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1999
Domain DB and OO descriptions
Language Dutch, English, German, French
Worker Kiss B.V.
Framework FG?
Description generation of natural language descriptions of OO-models
KING1987-01-01T00:00:000Started 1987
Ended 1987
Domain online help
Language English
Worker Jacobs
Description help system for UNIX
KDS1981-01-01T00:00:000Started 1981
Ended 1981
Language English
Worker Mann, Moore
Description generation of paragraphs
KAMP1983-01-01T00:00:000Started 1983
Ended 1985
Language English
Worker Appelt
Description modeling of the user's beliefs and goals
KALOS1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1994
Language English
Worker Cline
Description Knowledge-based generation with revision
KAFKA1984-01-01T00:00:000Started 1984
Ended 1984
Language English
Worker Mauldin
Description sentence generation from a semantic network
JOYCE1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1992
Domain software
Language English
Worker Rambow, Korelsky
Description generates texts about software components and their security on the basis of a specifications for secure, distributed software systems
JAPE1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1996
Domain jokes
Language English
Worker Binsted, Ritchie
Description JAPE (Joke Analysis and Production Engine) creates riddles using a rule-based system derived from humour theory.
Ishizaki1983-01-01T00:00:000Started 1983
Ended 1988
Domain news
Language Japanese
Worker Ishizaki
Description generation of reports about terrorrist crimes
InDiGen2000-01-01T00:00:000Started 2000
Ended 2001
Domain general
Language English
Worker Striegnitz, Gardent
Framework TAG
Forerunner SPUD
Description Integrated generation from declarative grammar-semantics-goal specifications
ITEX1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1992
Domain medical
Language German
Worker Kranzdorf, Grefahn
Framework Hybrid
Forerunner LFG-f
Description A hybrid approach to text planning
ISOLDE1999-01-01T00:00:000Started 1999
Ended 2002
Domain instructions
Language English
Worker Paris, Vander Linden, Lu
Framework SFG
Description automatic generation of software instructions
IPaGe1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 1999
Domain description
Language German
Worker Rehm
Description Incremental Parallell Generator
IPG1979-01-01T00:00:000Started 1979
Ended 1979
Language Dutch
Worker Kempen, Hoenkamp
Description simulation of human, incremental sentence production
IPF1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1990
Language Dutch
Worker De Smedt
Description parallel-incremental sentence generation
IMP1987-01-01T00:00:000Started 1987
Ended 1987
Domain user modelling
Language English
Worker Jameson
Description tailoring the content by taking the user into account
IMAGENE1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1992
Domain instructions
Language English
Worker Vander Linden
Framework SFG
Forerunner PENMAN
Description instructions for operating telephones
ILIAD1981-01-01T00:00:000Started 1981
Ended 1981
Domain teaching syntax
Language English
Worker Bates, Ingria
Description CALL for transformational grammar
ILEX1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1998
Language English
Worker Oberlander, Mellish, O'Donnell, Knott
Forerunner WAG
Description a system for generating labels for items in an electronic museum or retail catalogue
IGEN1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1999
Domain weather
Language English
Worker Rubinoff
Description Weather forecasts
IFPS1970-01-01T00:00:000Started 1970
Ended 2000
Domain weather
Language English
Worker Glahn, Peroutka, Ruth
Description Weather forecast report generator (template-based)
IDtension2007-01-01T00:00:000Started 2007
Ended 2007
Domain narrative
Language English
Worker Szilas
Framework Template
Description System implementing many aspects of narrative theory in order to support interactive drama
IDP1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Ended 1996
Language English
Worker Haller, Shapiro
Description discourse planner
IDAS1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1992
Domain documentation
Language English
Worker Reiter
Description generation of on-line help documentation
ICWF1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 1998
Domain weather
Language English
Worker Ruth, Peroutka
Forerunner IFPS
Description Interactive Computer Worded Forecast
ICONOCLAST1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 2000
Domain layout and text, patient information leaflets
Language English
Worker Power, Bouayad-Agha, Scott
Description Combining layout and linguistic constraints
ICICLE1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Ended 1996
Domain teaching syntax
Language English
Worker McCoy, Pennington, Suri
Description teaches the syntax of written English to deaf people
ICG1991-01-01T00:00:000Started 1991
Ended 1991
Domain business letters
Language English
Worker Springer, Buta, Wolf
Description composition of business letters
IBMflight2000-01-01T00:00:000Started 2000
Ended 2000
Domain flight information
Language English
Worker Axelrod
Description IBM Flight Information System
Hylite+1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 2001
Language English
Worker Bontcheva
Description Web-based system that generates adaptive hypertext explanations using a generic user modelling framework. Architecture based on a new recursive pipeline model.
Horace1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1994
Domain physics
Language English
Worker Cross
Framework SFG
Description generation of water-cycle texts as an experiment in register-based generation
Hoffman1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1994
Language Turkish
Worker Hoffman
Description Experimental generation
Herskovitz1973-01-01T00:00:000Started 1973
Ended 1973
Language French
Worker Herskovitz
Description semantic-based generation
HealthDoc1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1998
Domain medical
Language English
Worker DiMarco, Hovy, Hirst, Wanner
Framework SFG
Forerunner KPML
Description generation of medical information
Harper-etal1969-01-01T00:00:000Started 1969
Ended 1969
Language English
Worker Harper
Description random paragraph generation
Halogen2000-01-01T00:00:000Started 2000
Ended 2000
Language English
Worker Langkilde
Description Statistical generation from interlinguas using a packed forest intermediate representation
Hakkani, Oflazer, Cicekli1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1998
Language Turkish
Worker Hakkani, Oflazer, Cicekli
Framework FUF
Description Experimental generation
HYPERBUG2004-01-01T00:00:000Started 2004
Ended 2004
Language English
Worker Klarner
Description A hybrid NLG system for generating dialogue: 'Hybrid pragmatically embedded realization with bottom-up generation'
HUGG1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1998
Language Hebrew
Worker Netzer, Elhadad
Framework FUF
Forerunner FUF
Description A syntactic realization component for Hebrew
HIPS1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 2001
Domain spatial relationships
Language English
Worker Benelli, Bianchi, Marti, Not, Sennati, Mellish, O'Donnell
Description developing new interaction paradigms for navigating physical spaces
HIPERFLEX1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 1993
Language English
Worker Kaplan, Fenwick, Chen
Description navigating hypertext
HERMES1988-01-01T00:00:000Started 1988
Ended 1990
Language French
Worker Gailly
Description processing of quantifier scoping
HAM-RPM1980-01-01T00:00:000Started 1980
Ended 1980
Domain reservations
Language German
Worker Jameson, Hoeppner, Von Hahn, Wahlster
Description hotel manager
HAM-ANS1978-01-01T00:00:000Started 1978
Ended 1983
Language German
Worker Wahlster
Description (HAMburg Application-oriented Natural-language System)
Green, Carberry1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1994
Domain conversational implicature, indirect answers, answers to Yes-No questions
Language English
Worker Green, Carberry
Description built to model the generation and interpretation of conversational implicatures
GoalGetter1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Ended 1995
Domain football
Language Dutch
Worker Klabbers, Odijk, De Pijper, Theune
Description GoalGetter generates spoken summaries of football (soccer) matches on the basis of tabular data
GhostWriter1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1996
Domain manuals
Language English
Worker Marchant, Mellish, Cerbah, Levine
Description generation assisting human technical authors in the production of aircraft manuals
GeneSys1987-01-01T00:00:000Started 1987
Ended 1988
Language English
Worker Shieber
Description Experimental generation
GenKit1988-01-01T00:00:000Started 1988
Ended 1988
Language English?
Worker Tomita, Nyberg
GeNet1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Ended 1997
Domain medical
Language Italian
Worker De Carolis, De Rosis, Pizzutilo, Grasso, Rossiello, Berry, Gillie
Description dynamic hypermedia generation the medical domain and tailored to the user
GeM1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 2002
Domain layout and text
Language English
Worker Delin, Bateman, Henschel, Allen
Framework SFG
Description multimodal generation
GRUNDY1979-01-01T00:00:000Started 1979
Ended 1979
Domain user modelling
Language English
Worker Rich
Description user modelling via stereotypes
GOSSIP1988-01-01T00:00:000Started 1988
Ended 1988
Language English
Worker Iordanskaja
Description implementation of the meaning-text theory, praphrase
GLINDA1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1992
Language English
Worker Kantrowitz, Bates
Description narration and intercharacter communication
GIST-tax1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1996
Domain tax forms
Language English, German, Italian
Worker Cavallotto, Magnini, Lavid, Matiasek, Not, Paris, Pianesi, Pianta, Power, Scott, Stock, Trost, Vander Linden
Framework SFG, FUF, GB, HPSG
Description generates instructions for filling in tax forms
GIST-medical1983-01-01T00:00:000Started 1983
Ended 1983
Domain medical
Language English
Worker Swartout
Description explanation of the results of a medical expert system
GIRL2000-01-01T00:00:000Started 2000
Ended 2003
Domain Personalised basic skills summary reports
Language English
Worker Williams
Description Microplanning discourse-level choices for people with poor literacy
GESTER1989-01-01T00:00:000Started 1989
Ended 1989
Domain stories
Language English
Worker Pemberton
Description story generation
GEOTEX-E1989-01-01T00:00:000Started 1989
Ended 1989
Domain geometry
Language English, German
Worker Kehl
Forerunner GEOTEX
Description bilingual version of Geotex
GEOTEX1986-01-01T00:00:000Started 1986
Ended 1986
Domain geometry
Language German
Worker Kehl
Description description of geometrical configurations
GENNY1989-01-01T00:00:000Started 1989
Ended 1989
Language English
Worker Maybury
Framework RST
Description use of RST relations for producing coherent texts
GENIUSS1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1997
Language English
Worker Teunissen
Description generator based on universal semantic syntax
GENESYS1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1994
Language English
Worker Fawcett, Tucker
Framework SFG
Description the large systemic functional grammar component of the Communal system
GENESIS1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1994
Domain instructions
Language English
Worker Glass, Seneff, Polifroni
Description multilingual spoken instructions
GENARO1983-01-01T00:00:000Started 1983
Ended 1987
Domain picture description
Language English
Worker Conklin
Framework TAG
Description description of pictures
GECO1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1990
Domain geometry
Language Bulgarian
Worker Mitkov
Description production of geometrical descriptions
GEA2000-01-01T00:00:000Started 2000
Ended 2002
Domain arguments
Language English
Worker Carenini
Description Generator of Evaluative Arguments (GEA): GEA is a fully-implemented, complete and modular NLG system for generating user tailored evaluative arguments.
GCD1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1997
Domain recipes
Worker Adachi
Description cooking definitions
GBgen1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 1998
Language English
Worker Etchegoyhen
Framework GB
Description GB-based generator
GASPAR1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 1993
Domain DB queries
Worker Peyragrosse
Description Paraphrase of SQL queries
Friedman1969-01-01T00:00:000Started 1969
Ended 1969
Language English
Worker Friedman
Description testbed for transformational grammar
Fraczak,Lapalme1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Ended 1998
Domain directions
Language French
Worker Fraczak, Lapalme
Description Generation of subway directions
Fournier1991-01-01T00:00:000Started 1991
Ended 1991
Language French
Worker Fournier
Framework MTM
Description A meaning-text text generator
FoG1989-01-01T00:00:000Started 1989
Ended 2000
Domain weather
Language English, French
Worker Goldberg, Kittredge, Polguère, Driedger
Framework MTM
Forerunner RAREAS
Description FoG (Forecast Generator) provides bilingual generation of operational weather forecast reports.
Flaubert1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 1998
Language French, English
Worker Meunier, Danlos
Framework TAG
Description multilingual generator
FUF1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Domain independent
Language independent, English, Spanish, Hebrew
Worker Elhadad
Framework FUG
Description implementation of Functional Unification Grammar
FREGE1986-01-01T00:00:000Started 1986
Ended 1987
Language German
Worker Emele, Heid, Momma
Description object-oriented front-end generator
FRANA1985-01-01T00:00:000Started 1985
Ended 1986
Domain stock market
Language French
Worker Contant
Forerunner ANA
Description French version of ANA
FOGS2000-01-01T00:00:000Started 2000
Ended 2000
Domain stories
Language German
Worker Endriss, Klabunde
Description generates narratives with a focus background structure
FN1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1990
Language English
Worker Reiter
Description avoiding false implicatures
FIG1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1992
Language English
Worker Ward
Description connectionist generator
FERGUS2000-01-01T00:00:000Started 2000
Ended 2002
Domain independent
Language English
Worker Bangalore, Rambow
Framework Statistical
Description Flexible Empiricist/Rationalist Generation Using Syntax
Expound1976-01-01T00:00:000Started 1976
Ended 1976
Domain formal proofs
Language English
Worker Chester
Description translates formal poofs into English
Exerge2004-01-01T00:00:000Started 2004
Ended 2004
Language English
Worker Habash
Framework N-grams
Description EXpansivE Rich Generation for English
Exemplars1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 1998
Language English
Worker White, Caldwell
Description dynamic HTML page generation on the basis of a classification hierarchy for text planning
Ex-Demosthenes2001-01-01T00:00:000Started 2001
Ended 2002
Domain wine descriptions
Language German
Worker Schnell
Description Generates spoken monologues on different vine grapes (Riesling, Pinot noir, ...) and their respective wines. Main focus is on prosody generation.
Edward1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1992
Language English
Worker Claassen
Description Refering expressions in a multimedia environment
Ecran1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1997
Domain movie description
Language English
Worker Geldof, Van de Velde
Framework Template
Description generates descriptions of movies, using a model of the user's interests
EXCLASS1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1994
Domain job descriptions
Language English
Worker Caldwell, Korelsky
Framework MTM
Description generation of job descriptions
ERMA1977-01-01T00:00:000Started 1977
Ended 1977
Domain psychiatry
Language English
Worker Clippinger
Description simulation of performance errors (dialog with a psychiatrist)
EPICURE1988-01-01T00:00:000Started 1988
Ended 1990
Domain recipes
Language English
Worker Dale
Description generation of cooking recipes
ELIZA1966-01-01T00:00:000Started 1966
Ended 1966
Domain psychiatry
Language English
Worker Weizenbaum
Description simulation of a dialog with a psychotherapist
EFFENDI1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 1996
Domain train inquiries
Language German, English
Worker Poller
Framework TAG
Forerunner TAG-GEN
Description Efficient Formulation of Dialogue Contributions for train inquiries
EES1986-01-01T00:00:000Started 1986
Ended 1990
Domain explanation
Language English
Worker Moore, Swartout, Paris
Framework SFG
Forerunner PENMAN
Description generation of explanations
EDGE1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1990
Domain explanation
Language English
Worker Cawsey
Description plan-based generation of explanatory discourse
Drafter-II1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 2000
Domain instructions
Language English, French, Italian
Worker Scott, Evans, Power
Description multilingual generation of instructions
Drafter-I1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1995
Domain instructions
Language English, French
Worker Scott, Hartley, Power, Paris, Vander Linden, Evans
Framework SFG
Forerunner KPML
Description helps technical authors write instruction documents
Discourser1985-01-01T00:00:000Started 1985
Ended 1991
Language English
Worker Seligman
Framework Inheritance grammar
Description Structured discourse
DeRoeck1985-01-01T00:00:000Started 1985
Ended 1986
Language English
Worker De Roeck, Lowden
Description generation of paraphrases
Daydreamer generator1983-01-01T00:00:000Started 1983
Ended 1988
Language English
Worker Mueller
Description A recursive-descent generator for reporting stream of thought
Dart-bio1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1996
Domain biographies, art history, layout and text
Language English
Worker Bateman, Alexa, Teich, Kamps, Reichenberger, Kleinz, Rondhuis
Framework SFG
Forerunner KOMET
Description Automatic generation of pages combining textual artist bibliographies and timeline graphs concerning the Bauhaus
Danlos1985-01-01T00:00:000Started 1985
Ended 1988
Language French, English
Worker Danlos
Description use of discourse grammar
DYD1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1997
Domain music
Language English
Worker Van Deemter, Leermakers, Odijk
Description generates a spoken monologue describing a selected music composition and its recording
DORIS1988-01-01T00:00:000Started 1988
Ended 1988
Language English
Worker Houghton, Pearson
Description planning dialogues (vocal output)
DME-HTW1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1996
Language English
Worker Gruber, Vemuri, Rice
Description A demonstration of 'virtual documents', generated on demand in response to the user's selections
DISCO1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1998
Domain appointments
Language German
Worker Uszkoreit, Busemann
Framework HPSG
Description An appointment scheduling agent using natural language
DIOGENES1987-01-01T00:00:000Started 1987
Ended 1988
Language English
Worker Nirenburg
Description generation for machine-translation
DING1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 1993
Language German
Worker Novak, Wendholt
Description incremental generation
DIAMOD1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1994
Domain explanation
Language German
Worker Müller, Sprenger, Horacek
Description KADS-based expert system explanation
DEFACTO1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1999
Domain stories
Language English
Worker Bailey, Mellish, Ritchie, Sgouros
Description DEFACT (DEsign Framework for interACTive stOry systems) an interactive system for generating stories.
D2S1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Domain spoken dialogue
Language independent
Worker Theune, Klabbers, Odijk, De Pijper, Krahmer
Forerunner LGM
Description System for producing spoken language from data
CziferszkyWinter2002-01-01T00:00:000Started 2002
Ended 2002
Domain route descriptions
Language German
Worker Cziferszky, Winter
Description Route description generation
Cubricon1988-01-01T00:00:000Started 1988
Ended 1988
Language English
Worker Neal, Shapiro
Description Generation in multimedia interfaces
Cosma1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1997
Domain appointments
Language German
Worker Busemann, Declerck, Kader, Diagne, Dini, Klein, Schmeier
Forerunner TG/2
Description Appointment scheduling agent
Coral2001-01-01T00:00:000Started 2001
Ended 2003
Domain route descriptions
Language English
Worker Dale, Geldof, Prost
Description Automatic generation of navigational route descriptions
ConGen2001-01-01T00:00:000Started 2001
Ended 2002
Domain MT
Language English
Worker Dorr, Gaasterland
Description ConGen (CONnective GENerator): translation of expressions involving tense and aspect
Color-X1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1998
Domain communication systems
Language English
Worker Van de Riet, Burg, Dehne
Framework FG
Description NLG for verification of models of information and communication systems
CogentHelp1997-01-01T00:00:000Started 1997
Ended 1998
Domain online help
Language English
Worker White, Caldwell
Description on-line help for GUIs
Co-Op1979-01-01T00:00:000Started 1979
Ended 1979
Language English
Worker McKeown
Description Cooperative answer generation
Circsum-Tutor1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 1998
Domain tutoring
Language English
Worker Freedman
Description tutoring system
Cerbah1991-01-01T00:00:000Started 1991
Ended 1992
Language French
Worker Cerbah
Description Causal explanation generation
Carroll1980-01-01T00:00:000Started 1980
Ended 1980
Domain teaching English
Language English
Worker Carroll
Description CALL system for teaching English
Caption Generation System1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 1998
Domain figure captions
Language English
Worker Mittal, Moore, Carenini, Roth, Mattis
Framework FUF
Forerunner FUF
Description generates captions to complex automatically produced graphical presentations
CORECT1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1998
Domain electronics
Language English
Worker Mellish, Levine
Forerunner IDAS
Description Generate documents for requirements definition in the design of electronic test equipment
COOK1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1992
Domain stock market
Language English
Worker Smadja, McKeown
Description use of collocation for generating stock market reports
CONPAS1995-01-01T00:00:000Started 1995
Ended 2000
Domain prosody generation
Language Dutch
Worker Marsi
Description Content-to-Prosodically Adequate Speech
COMRIS1999-01-01T00:00:000Started 1999
Ended 1999
Domain appointments
Language English
Worker Geldof
Description meeting assistant
COMMUNAL1988-01-01T00:00:000Started 1988
Ended 1992
Language English
Worker Fawcett, Tucker
Framework SFG
Description generation with systemic functional grammar
COMMENTATOR1983-01-01T00:00:000Started 1983
Ended 1984
Domain scene description
Language Swedish
Worker Sigurd
Description generation of scene descriptions
COMIC2004-01-01T00:00:000Started 2004
Ended 2004
Domain interior design
Language English
Worker Foster, White, Moore
Framework CCG
Description COnversational Multimodal Interaction with Computers
COMET1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1990
Domain explanation
Language English
Worker McKeown
Framework FUF
Forerunner FUF
Description generation of explanations (multimodal output)
CLINT1999-01-01T00:00:000Started 1999
Ended 2000
Language English
Worker Gedalia, Elhadad
Description hybrid template/word-based generator
CLIME1998-01-01T00:00:000Started 1998
Ended 2001
Domain documentation
Language English, French
Worker Piwek, Evans, Power
Description Automated responses to queries, posed in natural language, of any prescriptive semi-formal documentation
CLE1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1992
Language English, Swedish, French, Spanish
Worker Alshawi, Pulman
Description Core Language Engineering: mostly analysis oriented with some generation work
CHARON1989-01-01T00:00:000Started 1989
Ended 1992
Language French, German
Worker Kohl, Eisele, Momma, Dörre, Geltz, Netter, Kärcher, Tappe, Frank, Meier, Van Geenhoven
Framework LFG
Description grammar development (allegedly including generation) for LFG
CENTRIFUSER2000-01-01T00:00:000Started 2000
Domain summaries
Language English
Worker Kan, McKeown, Klavans
Description A multidocument summarization system
CDM1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1994
Domain explanation
Language English
Worker Jokinen
Description generation of explanatory dialogues
CAT-21990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1995
Language EU
Worker Sharp
Description formalism used for MT, includes analysis and generation capabilities fro the Eurotra Intermediate Structures.
BoyerLapalme1985-01-01T00:00:000Started 1985
Ended 1985
Language French
Worker Boyer, Lapalme
Description generation of paraphrases
BabyTalk2007-01-01T00:00:000Started 2007
Domain medical
Language English
Worker Portet, Reiter, Hunter, Sripada
Description BabyTalk is developing computerised tools to summarise and interpret data in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU).
BLAH1980-01-01T00:00:000Started 1980
Ended 1980
Domain income tax
Language English
Worker Weiner
Description generation of explanations concerning income taxes
BERTRAND1986-01-01T00:00:000Started 1986
Ended 1986
Language English
Worker Kronfeld
Description generation of definite descriptions
BABEL1975-01-01T00:00:000Started 1975
Ended 1975
Language English
Worker Goldman
Description paraphrase generation & lexical choice
Autotext1999-01-01T00:00:000Started 1999
Ended 1999
Domain weather
Language English, Swedish
Worker Vargagard
Description Weather forecast report generator
Atlastxt2006-01-01T00:00:000Started 2006
Ended 2009
Domain geodata
Language English
Worker Thomas, Sripada, Reiter
Forerunner SimpleNLG
Description Making geo-referenced data available via natural language generation
Astrogen1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Ended 1999
Domain telecom
Language English
Worker Dalianis
Description Generation from formal specifications and STEP/EXPRESS specifications.
Artequakt2002-01-01T00:00:000Started 2002
Domain biographies
Language English
Worker Kim, Alani, Hall, Lewis, Millard, Shadbolt, Weal
Description Automatic generation of narrative biographies of artists
Anthem1994-01-01T00:00:000Started 1994
Ended 1996
Domain healthcare, medical diagnoses
Language English, Dutch, French
Worker Ceusters
Framework CAT-2
Description Generation of medical diagnoses
Amalgam2001-01-01T00:00:000Started 2001
Domain technical manuals
Language German, French, English
Worker Gamon, Ringger, Corston-Oliver, Moore
Framework Machine learning
Description Amalgam is a sentence realization component based on data-driven, machine learning techniques. Amalgam accepts as input a logical form graph.
AlethGen/La Redoute1993-01-01T00:00:000Started 1993
Ended 1995
Domain business letters
Language French
Worker Coch, David
Description generation of one-page reply letters
Advisor1992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1992
Domain arguments
Language English
Worker Elhadad
Description Generation of arguments
Accord1989-01-01T00:00:000Started 1989
Ended 1990
Language English
Worker Kohl, Gardent, Plainfossé, Reape
Description Natural language and graphic interface
Abella1999-01-01T00:00:000Started 1999
Ended 1999
Domain scene descriptions
Language English
Worker Abella, Kender
Description Spatial language generation
ARIANNA1996-01-01T00:00:000Started 1996
Ended 1999
Language Italian
Worker De Carolis, De Rosis
Description dynamic hypermedia
ANTLIMA-11992-01-01T00:00:000Started 1992
Ended 1992
Domain scene description
Language German
Worker Blocher
Description generating scene descriptions
ANA1983-01-01T00:00:000Started 1983
Ended 1983
Domain stock market
Language English
Worker Kukich
Description generation of stock market reports
ALFRESCO1990-01-01T00:00:000Started 1990
Ended 1991
Language Italian
Worker Stock
Description multimedia NL based information access
AGILE1999-01-01T00:00:000Started 1999
Ended 2001
Domain CAD, instructions
Language Bulgarian, Czech, Russian
Worker Krujiff, Korbayová, Teich, Hartley, Bateman, Sharoff, Scott, Staykova, Sokolova
Framework SFG
Forerunner KPML
Description generates instructions in the domain of Computer-Aided Design
2007-01-01T00:00:00
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